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Greenbrier River, West Virginia

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Title
Greenbrier River, West Virginia
Source
Publisher
Scenario#
20
Scenario Description
After the failure of the campaign against the Union forces in the Cheat Mountain area in September 1861, the Confederate troops withdrew to the Greenbrier River, under the command of Gen. Henry R. Jackson. During the night of October 2–3, Brig. Gen. Joseph Reynolds, with two Union brigades, marched twelve miles from Cheat Mountain down the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike to break up the Confederate position at Camp Bartow.
At daylight, the head of the Union column was about four miles from the Confederate camp, and fought a lively skirmish with Confederate pickets posted there. The pickets retreated back to the fortified position. Jackson had skillfully positioned his men along the mile-long line. Col. Edward Johnson's temporary brigade was placed on the extreme right, Col. William B. Taliaferro's brigade held the center, while Col. Albert Rust's brigade was placed on the left flank. Reynolds ordered the Union artillery forward and an artillery duel lasted nearly an hour. Each Confederate brigade then repelled wave after wave of attacking Union troops with rifle fire.
After four and a half hours of fighting, and repeated attempts to turn both of the Confederate flanks, Reynolds abruptly broke off the engagement and ordered a return to the Cheat Summit fortification.
The stage is set, the battle lines are drawn, and you are in command. The rest is history.
Scenario Date
October 3, 1861
Location
Greenbrier River, West Virginia
Battle Name
Battle of Greenbrier River
Battle Narrative
The Battle of Greenbrier River, also known as the Battle of Camp Bartow, took place on October 3, 1861 in Pocahontas County, Virginia as part of the Operations in Western Virginia Campaign during the American Civil War.
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