Memoir '44: Memoir '44

Memoir '44: Memoir '44

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Saverne Gap, Vosges
The Saverne Gap, cutting through the Vosges mountains, was the key to Strasbourg, capital city of Alsace. On November 21st, the US Seventh Army XV Corps, under the command of General Wade Hampton Halslip, arrived to the front lines at …

Arnhem Bridge
The largest Airborne drop ever designed, Operation Market Garden was Field Marshall Bernard Montgomery's plan to end the war on the Western Front early. If successful, it would threaten the flanks of German defenses along the Siegfried line and…

Part of the problem for the German forces involved in the Lorraine counter-offensive was the "Eastern" outlook of many of the units. They were unfamiliar with the US Army and its very different tactics. On the Eastern front, tank formations …

Toulon Champaign for Southern France
Plans for the landings and campaign in southern France called for the French II Corps to take the port cities of Toulon and Marseille. Seeking to exploit German weakness in the area, General de Lattre de Tassigny pushed up the …

Liberation of Paris
Conscious of the highly symbolic and political importance of Paris, Allied forces initially planned to surround the city and wait for its capitulation rather than risk taking it, with the inherent costs of street-by-street fighting and obvious risks…

St Vith, Ardennes
As early as August 1944, Adolf Hitler began formulating plans for what would become the Ardennes offensive. While too ambitious for the available resources and terrain, the plan was deemed by the German High Command as having more chances of …

Vassieux, Vercors
Hotbed of the French Resistance, the "Maquis" of Vercors became one of the largest of its kind in the early months of 1944, with countless young French recruits joining up. Resistance camps were established around many villages such as Vassieux, …

Montélimar Champaign for Southern France
The Montelimar battle square, bounded on three sides by rivers, covered ground that alternated between flat open farmland and rugged hills and woods. Route N-7, the main north-south artery, runs along the Rhone River and was vital to the German …

Operation Luttich Counter-attack on Mortain
"We must strike like lightning!" - Adolf Hitler to Field Marshall Von Kluge Operation Luttich' began shortly before midnight on the evening of August 3rd. Under direct orders from Hitler, four armored divisions launched a counterattack westward…

Operation Cobra
Operation "Cobra" was predicated on the saturation bombing of German lines over a narrow front. After the bombing, an attack would be made by three infantry divisions, with two armored and one infantry divisions held in reserve of this breakout …

Omaha Beach Overlord
The US assault waves on Omaha Beach were led by the 116th Regimental Combat Team, destined for Dog sector on the left; and the 16th Regimental Combat Team hitting Easy and Fox sectors. The first wave also included two battalions …

Omaha Beach First Assault Wave
"Never had there been a dawn like this." - Cornelius Ryan, The Longest Day The US assault waves on Omaha Beach were led by the 116th Regimental Combat Team, destined for Dog sector on the left; and the 16th Regimental …

Planners felt that the German batteries on Pointe-du-Hoc would be one of the most daunting threats to Allied forces landing on Omaha in the morning of D-Day. Set atop 100 foot cliffs west of the beach, the guns' range were …

Mont Mouchet
On June 10th, three tactical groups from the Wehrmacht, about 2,000 men with armored support, converged on Mont Mouchet. Simultaneously moving in from the west (Saint Flour), north (Langeac and Pinols) and east (Le Puy-en-Velay et Saugues) they were…

Sword Beach
The 8th Brigade Group of the 3rd British Division, supported by Commandos of the 1st Special Service Brigade and the amphibious Sherman tanks of the 13th and 18th Hussars, formed the first wave of Allied forces to land on "Sword" …

Establishment of a defensive base at Ste. Mère-Église was one of the key objectives of the US 82nd Airborne Division. In contrast with other regiments, the 505th Parachute Infantry, landing northwest of Ste. Mère-Église, had one of the most accurate…

Pegasus Bridge
The late hours of June 5, 1944... Led by Major John Howard, the men of Oxford and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry* step aboard six Horsa gliders on a secret airfield in Dorset. Their mission: to launch the first airborne assault of …
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